Andrew C. Fry, Ph.D.

Director, Exercise Physiology Graduate Program Dir. of Research, Research & Coaching Performance Team Director, Jayhawk Athletic Performance Laboratory
Primary office:
Robinson Health and Physical Education Center
Room 110A
University of Kansas
1301 Sunnyside Avenue
Lawrence, KS 66045-7567

Andrew Fry is currently a professor in the Department of Health, Sport & Exercise Sciences at the University of Kansas. After obtaining his B.S in Physical Education at Nebraska Wesleyan University, where he was a captain of the wrestling team, he owned and operated a commercial fitness facility for six years. Returning to school, Andy earned his M.P.E. in Exercise Science from the University of Nebraska – Lincoln, and his Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology from Penn State University. During his two year post-doctoral training, Andy studied cellular and molecular muscle physiology at Ohio University. This was followed by thirteen years at the University of Memphis where he was the Director of the Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory. It was also at Memphis that he met his wife, Dr. Mary Fry, who is a Sport and Exercise Psychologist, and together they were joined by their two children, Jared (now 14) and Lindsey (now 13). Since arriving at the University of Kansas, Andy has spent considerable time helping develop the Research and Coaching Performance Team in collaboration with University of Kansas Athletics. His research interests over the years have consistently focused on physiological and performance responses and adaptations to resistance exercise, as well as over-training.


Dr. Fry's teaching encompasses the areas of functional anatomy, anatomical kiesiology, strength and conditioning physiology and programming, and physiology of the skeletal muscle and endocrine systems.

Teaching Interests

  • Exercise physiology, biomechanics, exercise endocrinology, resistance exercise, functional anatomy, kinesiology


Dr. Fry's research has focused on several main areas, skeletal muscle physiology concerning responses and adaptations to exercise, primarily resistance exercise. In addition, he examones the interface between the muscle and endocrine systems in exercise settings. In each setting, the relationships between physiology and performance are examined. Finally, the topic of overtraining and diminished performance is also studied within the context of the above listed systems.

Research Interests

  • Skeletal muscle physiology, exercise endocrinology, biomechanics, resistance exercise, overtraining, sport performance


Selected Publications

Luebbers, P. E., & Fry, A. C. (2016). The Kansas squat test modality comparison: free-weight vs. Smith machine. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(8), 2186-93. DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001404

Academic Degrees

  • Ph.D, Exercise Physiology, Penn State University, State College, Pennsylvania, 1993
  • MPE, Exercise Science, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1988
  • B.S., Physical Education, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1979


Resistance exercise, skeletal muscle physiology, endocrine responses & adaptation to exercise, overtraining.


Faculty Staff Award:

  • Phi Kappa Phi, National Academic Honor Society (1992)
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association, Outstanding Junior Investigator Award (1998)
  • Choice - Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, Outstanding Academic Book (for Overtraining in Sport) (1999)
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association, Outstanding Sport Scientist of the Year (2005)
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association, Research Achievement Award (2007)
  • National Strength and Conditioning Association, Research Achievement Fellow (2007)

Research Interest(s)

Dr. Fry's research agenda has consistently focused on resistance exercise and the accompanying physiological and performance responses and adaptations. In particular, his research has examined the endocrine and skeletal muscle systems. By studying the interaction of the hormonal environment and the cellular and molecular aspects of muscle, a greater understanding of the mechanisms of training adaptations can result. To best examine these relationships, a thorough understanding of the variations of the training stimuli is necessary. Only in this manner can the exercise and sport scientist translate their research results for practical applications in the field. Recent work has included the following:

  • Endocrine and cellular signaling pathway responses to variations in the resistance exercise protocol.
  • Development of resistance exercise testing modalities and protocols.
  • Overtraining, stressful training and performance decrements with resistance exercise.
  • Muscle fiber characteristics and their relationships with muscle performance.
  • The effect of various dietary supplements on physiological and performance responses to resistance exercise.
  • Muscle performance testing of pre-adolescent children.
  • Sport-specific research in collaboration with University of Kansas Athletics as part of the newly formed Research and Coaching Performance Team.

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